The federal association of carsharing lays on tuesday (21. February 2017) the current figures for the growing market for years. Especially the station-independent offers grew in recent years. Behind it are mainly the services of the automakers daimler (car2go), BMW (drive now) and citroen (multicity). The so-called free-floating offers in grobstadten made around 40 percent of the offer in 2016. The classic, station-based providers grow in smaller city. Car sharing advocates speak of "climate protection through driving". A car replace several private cars, emphasizes the industry association for years. But that’s right?
The geographer stefan weigele has recently. As early as 2014, he evaluated millions of records of station-independent fleets in his hamburg consulting firm civity. Result: many rides are a few kilometers long and after work, at the end of a scene in the next – despite bus monthly card in the wallet in the wallet. "Convenience mobility" as "replacement product for the bicycle, public transport and taxi," whites call the. On average, such carsharing vehicles drove an hour per day and were thus inefficient like a private car.
The ride with the sharing car is more expensive than the bus ticket and thus increases the mobility spending customers, as it is called in the examination. For the automakers she sees a billion market. The comfortable carsharing cars without station bring new users to the taste, suspects professor stefan bratzel. He speaks of a "entry-level drug in the driving". Daimler formulated before a while, ultimately a ride with car2go is always a test drive with the smart.
Also the federal environment ministry dear to explore the offers. During the station-based provider flinkster 72 percent of customers do not have a car, they are only 43 percent on free-floating offer. Ten percent of the drive nov users said to have sold their private cars for car sharing. But 18 percent planned the private purchase. Also with this question the trend was more pronounced from your own car at the flinkster customers. "Free-floating systems obviously draw households stronger who hold on to the private car sites," confirmed the industry association. Customers station-based systems rather renounced.
"The stationary carsharing concepts made with a lot of passion and cleverness are wonderful, even if only a second car is prevented," says environmental help guide jurgen resch. He warns municipalities but before that car sharing for example by free parking and reserved parking space. These possibilities sees a bill of the federal government. "This is a sales claim for the auto industry," said resch.
He sees the use of the wardless rental offers, as they are written in the large german city of the ground, critical. "This leads the idea of carsharing ad absurdum," says resch. Instead of less cars, more engine transport is the result. And thus more pollutants and more traffic jam. The only solution for traffic and the environment is to make buses and tracks better and gunstiger instead of cannibalizing them by carsharing.
However, the bus and rail operators do not see a threat, too small is the competitor. "How many vehicles needed to replace only one subway line in berlin?", asks lars wagner, the spokesman of the association of german transport companies. "And where should these additional vehicles still drive, the straws are already full."The solution is in collaborations of both worlds, as it partly already gives you to luck with carsharing laughing in the net.