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The scientific and political dimension of the question of whether more and more people are psychologically
On the question of whether mental disorders increase, remain the same or even slimming, the ghosts divorce. The one arguing socially critical that today’s time with their changes in the working world, the media and their crises make people sick. The others consider the for culture pessimism, which has always given it, and draw a positive picture of the present.
It is undisputed that more and more people are treated for mental psychiatric problems. While the representatives from the critical camp these are as a confirmation, the optimists wave: the lounger blob at the great attention for the soul and changed diagnostic habits. Both sides are calling on scientific and social data. Who is right?
Politics and health
These are not a purely academic debate. Rather, a sociopolitical component does not only swell with, but is even the focus: if today’s conditions make many people sick, then you should change them. Here, once the psychoanalyst and philosopher erich fromm (1900-1980) recalled, which saw pathological power in developments such as alienation or mass consumption (for example "to have or to be", 1976) and against a social science, which held people adaptable to humans.
On the other hand, if people can live well with the changes of the last decades, they think of globalization and neoliberalism, then talks much for them; then there is hardly any reason for complaints or the rejection of the status quo. So it’s about reformic opposes of conservative tendencies, which are derived from the facts about the well-being of the people.
Who applies as a psychic?
I wrote here again in 2012 on new epidemiological research – so research on the frequency of mental disorders – which came to the conclusion that almost half of the people in europe is at least once a psychic disruption for the year (almost each (r) second applies as a psychic got). That sounds like a lot and raises the theoretical problem that the disruptions should actually be delimited from the normal state. But if it is normal to have such a disorder, then maybe the non-destroyers are the abnormal?
This untouched problem was already 1881/1882 in a series of short stories, later she seemed under the title "the psychiatrist" as a novella treated by the brazilian author joaquim maria machado de assis (1839-1908). I know only an english translation. The calculation in the more than 130 years but none of your current and curlitat installed and is also ideal as a teaching material. She should be required for doctors and psychotherapists.
Are 40, 45 or 50% a lot?
But we stay with the question of whether it is much if 40, 45 or even 50% of the population will suffer from at least one psychological disruption year for year? As a reminder, the range of treasure was that the epidemiological findings were responsible for frequency (38%) on the investigation of only 27 most commonly disturbances. But you can differentiate several hundred. The goods in the already very complex studies but no longer manageable.
Here is another historical backlog helpful, though not as far as in the case of the brazilian author: one of the milestones in exploring the frequency of psychic troubles was the study carried out in the 1950s in manhattan and published in 1962 "mental health in the metropolis", whose title probably not randomly at the famous essay "the coarse floor and the spiritual life" georg simmel from 1903 recalled.
The deepest problems of modern life sources from the entitlement of the individual to preserve the self-sufficiency and peculiarity of his existence against the overpowering of society, the historically furnished, the external culture and technology of life – the latter transformation of the struggle with nature, the primitive man has to drove his physical existence.
The first set of songs attachment from 1903
The manhattan study on the soul life of the big dates, based on almost 2000 representative interviews, was then cited that around 80% of the city dwellers had psychological problems. Critics of the rural escape fuzzy found: the person was just for nature, the dorfer and at most small towns created.
A question of border education
The thing had only one hook: to the number, more precisely: the 81.5% only comes when you look at the 18.5% of respondents who do not have any problems as mentally healthy. The researchers of cornell university in new york, which carried out the coarse-applied study, had classified the symptoms of people on a scale of 0 to 6. Where to draw the border?
If you do not do it between 0 and 1, as it was often made, but for example, between 2 and 3, then suddenly only around a quarter of the coast city people are considered psychically. 81.5 or 23.4% – both times it’s about the same study, the same people, the same data.
There is no less law from which a definite answer derive love. One should only transparently deal with his border education and deliver the burial for it. This applies in the incorporation for the reporting for today as well as those of that time.